I have missed the first quarter moon to plant leafy green vegetables, like lettuce. In the past I have planted them late, during the second quarter moon. The second quarter moon is for planting seed pod vegetables, like tomatoes. What happened to my lettuce plants? Well they bolted of course, since they were planted in the week that encourages seed pod growth. Seed pod vegetables planted late, during the week of the full moon, will delay in flowering (thus making food) and spend too much time on unnecessary root growth. Perennials and trees, on the other hand, need this choice rooting time to make it through the winter.